Under Rule 11, the party seeking sanctions must serve the motion on the opposing party and give that party 21 days to withdraw the offending pleading. Here, the defendants apparently served the sanctions motion, but they failed to file it before the plaintiffs’ complaint was already dismissed by the district court. The district court refused to hear the motion. The court explained its ruling in this passage:
Courts have uniformly denied Rule 11 motions where, as here, a motion was not filed until after the case was dismissed. See Roth v. Green, 466 F.3d 1179, 1193 (10th Cir. 2006) (motions for Rule 11 sanctions filed after district court dismissed complaint should have been denied; citing cases from four other circuits); VanDanacker, 109 F.Supp.2d at 1054.
The courts have reasoned that to grant Rule 11 sanctions based on a motion filed post-dismissal would defeat the purpose of the safe harbor provision. The advisory committee notes to Rule 11 provide strong support for this conclusion:
Ordinarily the motion should be served promptly after the inappropriate paper is filed, and, if delayed too long, may be viewed as untimely. . . . Given the “safe harbor” provisions . . . [in Rule 11(c)(2)], a party cannot delay serving its Rule 11 motion until conclusion of the case (or judicial rejection of the offending contention).Fed. R. Civ. P. 11, Advisory Committee Notes (1993 Amendments). A leading federal practice treatise explains the rationale for this rule: “if the court disposes of the offending contention within the 21-day safe-harbor period after service, it becomes impossible under the provision of Rule 11(c)(2) to file the motion or otherwise present it to the court.” 2 James Wm. Moore et al., Moore’s Federal Practice § 11.22[c] (3d ed. 2014); see also 5A Charles Alan Wright and Arthur R. Miller, Federal Practice and Procedure § 1337.2, at 727 (3d ed. 2004) (“[S]ervice of a sanctions motion after the district court has dismissed the claim or entered judgment prevents giving effect to the safe harbor provision or the policies and procedural protections it provides, and it will be rejected.”).
Because defendants’ motion for Rule 11 sanctions was not filed until after the Court dismissed plaintiff’s complaint with prejudice, the motion is untimely and must be denied because it defeats the purpose of the safe harbor provision ofRule 11.
It makes perfect sense that the court did not want to waste further time on a case it had already dismissed. To do so, would be a waste of judicial resources.
Edward X. Clinton, Jr.
Source: Noonan v. CACH, LLC, Dist. Court, ED Missouri 2016 – Google Scholar